Who are these Boko Haram, what are their ideologies and what really do they want from Nigeria Government ? Why Nigerian Army is fighting against them? In this blog, we will discuss about Nigeria civil war also.

Nigeria has been in news for almost a decade not only for its politics or economy. The citizens of the country are facing terrorist attacks and human torture every single day.

The group that has made Nigeria a place of hell is Boko Haram, an Islamist terrorist group that abducted nearly 300 high school children including 200 girls in 2014. This heinous act was a disgrace to humanity and can be counted as a first step towards a civil war in Nigeria.

Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, living in the north.

Boko Haram & Nigeria civil war
Nigeria demographic
Tafsirin Tauba 1-1 Mallam Muhammad Yusuf Maiduguri - YouTube
Mohammad Yusuf, founder of Boko Haram

Nigeria has been facing civil war since 2002, when a militant group called Boko Haram was formed. It was started by Mohammed Yusuf with an intention to create a true Muslim society under Sharia law, which is the strictest literal Muslim law.  

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Sharia law is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran, and the Hadith. It refers to Allah’s immutable divine law and is contrasted with fiqh, which refers to its human scholarly interpretations. The application in modern times has been a dispute between Muslim traditionalists and reformists.

The main objective of the group is to replace Nigeria’s democratic government with extremist democracy. Boko Haram controls northern states and mostly their victims are poor Muslim communities of North Nigeria.

The conditions such as poverty, health, literacy is extremely worst in north if compared with southern part of Nigeria. Poor government, high unemployment rate and no schooling has set a stage for Boko Haram to rule the entire northern states of Nigeria under its governance.  

Boko Haram actually means forbidding of Western Education from Nigeria. They are holding the tradition of Islam, spreading the tradition of Proselytism and Jihad. It wasn’t in news until 2010, when Mohammad Yusuf was killed in an attack carried out by Nigerian Army.

Since, then the condition in Nigeria has become worst. Many media reports claimed it as the rising of Boko Haram. In first week of January 2015, Boko Haram militants captured an Army Base in Borno state of Nigeria and killed nearly 100 of civilians in nearby towns.

Abubakar Shekau - Wikipedia
Abubakar Shekau

The new leader of Boko Haram, Abubekar Shekau changed whole ideology of the group, by mainly focusing on Jihad. They would usually kill and torture those people who doesn’t follow their fundamentalist law i.e. Sharia Law. Moreover, Boko Haram needs four following demands to be fulfilled –

  1. They want Nigeria to follow strict Muslim law i.e. Sharia law.
  2. Forbid Western Education.
  3. Death to non-believers.
  4. End the current government, which they claim it is corrupt and demoralised.

According to the Nigerian and international media, it was reported in 2015 that Nigerian Government had declare a war against Boko Haram, despite ongoing attacks that indicate the militant group remains a lethal force.

The Nigerian Army freed 1,000 captives of Boko Haram during a week-long battle against the militant group in the country’s northeast side in 2018.

The rescued prisoners were mostly said to be women and children, although some young men who were also abducted and forced to fight for the group were among them.

The Army provided few details to the media about the operation and involving with forces from Chad, Benin, Niger and Cameroon — all part of a multinational anti-Boko Haram task force. The Civil war has resulted in more than 20,000 deaths and has displaced 2.3 million from their homes.

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